Climate change adaptation is the process of adjusting to current or expected climate change and its effects it is one of the ways to respond to climate change along with climate change mitigation for humans adaptation aims to moderate or avoid harm and exploit opportunities for natural systems humans may intervene to help adjustment without mitigation adaptation alone cannot avert the . Climate change mitigation consists of actions to limit global warming and its related effectsthis involves reductions in human emissions of greenhouse gases ghgs as well as activities that reduce their concentration in the atmosphere fossil fuel combustion accounts for 89 of all co 2 emissions and 68 of all ghg emissions the most important challenge is to eliminate the use of coal oil . The stern review of the economics of climate change is a vital step forward in securing an effective global policy on climate change led by one of the worlds top economists the stern review shows convincingly that the benefits of early global action to mitigate climate change will be far lower than the costs the report establishes realistic guidelines for action the stern review will . Climate actions have often fallen into one of two strategies mitigation efforts to lower or remove greenhouse gas emissions from the atmosphere and adaptation efforts to adjust systems and societies to withstand the impacts of climate change the separation has led to the misinformed view that addressing climate change means pursuing either mitigation or adaptation. There are various climate risks that are caused or influenced by climate change they are known to have a wide range of physical economic environmental and social impacts apart from damages to the physical environment many climate risks climate variability extreme events and climate related hazards are associated with a variety of impacts on human well being health and life supporting
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